Bridgend Council could be the first local authority in the UK to use hydrogen-powered buses.
Council officers have set up a “hydrogen taskforce” to as part of its plan to become a pioneer in carbon-free transport.
Janine Nightingale, the council’s corporate director of communities, said the authority is “really thrilled” to be working on developing a fleet of hydrogen-powered buses for the borough.
She said electric-powered buses could be suited to some areas within Bridgend county borough but hydrogen-powered vehicles would be more suited to steeper valleys communities.
Aberdeen Council is also looking to aquire hydrogen-powered vehicles. Bridgend Council will meet with Japanese company Marubeni next week to discuss its ambitions for the project.
The council plans to be a carbon neutral authority by 2030, in line with Welsh Government policy. The government has also set a target for 70% of electricity in Wales to come from renewable sources by the same year.
Carbon neutral or net-zero carbon is the balancing of carbon emissions against carbon removal. This is often achieved by carbon offsetting, which is when companies invest in environmental projects to balance out their carbon footprints.
“Bridgend does punch above its weight in terms of our 2030 decarbonisation agenda,” said Ms Nightingale. “We are very forward thinking… we’re quite proud of where we’ve got to so far.”
Bridgend Council declared a climate emergency in 2020 and set up a climate emergency response programme to tackle the issue. As part of the plan, the council will help residents, groups and businesses with their energy use, deliver less carbon-intensive services, manage the council’s estate and services efficiently using clean energy and prepare for the consequences of climate change.
The response programme costs £215,000 per year, comprising £65,000 total staff costs and £150,000 revenue budget. An earmarked reserve of £220,000 has also been set aside for extra staff to work on the council’s decarbonisation agenda .
The Welsh Government has awarded Bridgend Council almost £500,000 to improve electric vehicle charging points and may provide an extra £300,00 via the Welsh Local Government Association.
A number of ultra-low emission taxis have been purchased by the Cardiff Capital Region – a project aimed at regnenerating 10 local authorities in south east Wales. As part of this, six of these taxis will be available for a ‘try before you buy’ scheme in Bridgend county, with a rapid charging point at Hillsboro Place Car Park in Porthcawl.
Ms Nightingale said the aim of the new charging regime would be to install electric vehicle charging points throughout the Cardiff Capital Region and ensure fees are the same across different boroughs.
The council is also working on using greener vehicles for its recycling and waste collection service and hopes to install solar panels on the roof of Bryncethin depot to power the charging points.
Other projects that form part of the authority’s decarbonisation agenda are the isntallation of solar panels across 18 public sector buildings, planting 15,000 trees on council-owned land and a carbon-free heating scheme for public bulidings.
Cllr Paul Davies said: “Where does industry come into all of this because industry are huge producers of carbon. I’m concerned that we’re focusing on the poor old general public again, it’s all going to be down to us while in the long run the only ones who’ll be making carbon will be the big industries and the military.”
The Labour member added: “Local authorities and the general public are doing all the work and paying all the costs while the big boys get away scot-free.”
Climate change experts from Carbon Trust are advising the council on how it can reduce its carbon emissions. David Powlesland, senior manager at Carbon Trust, said public sector emissions in Wales are between 1% and 3% while 90% of emissions come from industry.
He said councils “have a responsibility to try and lead by example” and the influence they can have on their supply chains “will drive industry”.
Independent councillor Keith Edwards said the council should consider “the impact of manufacturing in and around the county borough”. He asked whether the authority looks at whether a company is environmentally-friendly when it buys resources from it.
Ms Nightingale said the council is “reviewing” its procurement strategy, which is “a very important part” of its decarbonisation agenda and it will “have to factor in” the fact that sustainable products can be expensive.
She said the council is “trying” to spend its money “more sustainably and more locally” as this will boost the local economy and “cut down” on emissions created by products being delivered from outside the region.
Labour councillor Richard Young said: “With Welsh Government guidance having only recently been published, we understand that we are the first local authority in Wales to be fully reviewing its carbon footprint and developing a decarbonisation strategy in line with the protocol.
“Bridgend county borough is really leading the way in terms of the Decarbonisation 2030 agenda. We are one of only two local authorities with plans for a district heat network and we are one of only two places in the UK in the running for a hydrogen and electrification fuelling model for our fleet.
“The next stages involve the completion of the Carbon Trust’s assessment on our usage of greenhouse gases, the establishment of a citizen’s assembly in the county borough to help feed into the process, and a consultation on the draft decarbonisation strategy. This will then come back to cabinet and council to approve the strategy and action plan.”